Billfishes are highly migratory apex predators with important roles in marine ecosystems of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans. They also support important commercial and recreational fisheries in many countries and, thus, changes in their patterns of abundance and distribution have important ecological, social and economic implications. This session welcomes studies related to billfish behavior, patterns of distribution, variability, trends, and the impacts of environmental and anthropogenic factors on their population dynamics. In addition, studies examining the impact of commercial and recreational billfish fisheries on fishing tourism and the development of coastal communities are encouraged.

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